See Article History Alternative Titles: In she married a rich young army officer, Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnaisand moved to Paris. She remained in Paris three years, learning the ways of the fashionable world, and went back to Martinique in
His presumed father was Louis Bonapartethe younger brother of Napoleon Bonapartewho made Louis the King of Holland from until They had a difficult relationship, and only lived together for brief periods. Their first son died in and—though separated—they decided to have a third.
They resumed their marriage for a brief time in Toulouse in Julyand Louis was born prematurely, two weeks short of nine months. His father stayed away, once again separated from Hortense. Napoleon held him up to the window to see the soldiers parading in the courtyard of the Carousel below.
He received some of his education in Germany at the gymnasium school at AugsburgBavaria. As a result, for the rest of his life his French had a slight but noticeable German accent.
His tutor at home was Philippe Le Bas, an ardent republican and the son of a revolutionary and close friend of Robespierre. Le Bas taught him French history and radical politics.
Romantic revolutionary —35 [ edit ] When Louis-Napoleon was fifteen, Hortense moved to Rome, where the Bonapartes had a villa. He passed his time learning Italian, exploring the ancient ruins, and learning the arts of seduction and romantic affairs, which he used often in his later life.
In the spring ofwhen he was twenty-three, the Austrian and papal governments launched an offensive against the Carbonari, and the two brothers, wanted by the police, were forced to flee. Hortense wrote an appeal to the King, asking to stay in France, and Louis-Napoleon offered to volunteer as an ordinary soldier in the French Army.
The new King agreed to meet secretly with Hortense; Louis Napoleon had a fever and did not join them. The King finally agreed that Hortense and Louis-Napoleon could stay in Paris as long as their stay was brief and incognito.
Louis-Napoleon was told that he could join the French Army if he would simply change his name, something he indignantly refused to do. The same day, Hortense and Louis-Napoleon were ordered to leave Paris. They went to Britain briefly, and then back into exile in Switzerland.
According to the law of succession established by Napoleon I, the claim passed first to his son who had been given the title "King of Rome" at birth by his father. He was known by Bonapartists as Napoleon II and was living under virtual imprisonment at the court of Vienna under the name Duke of Reichstadt.
He also began writing about his political philosophy. His doctrine was based upon two ideas: He called for a "Monarchy which procures the advantages of the Republic without the inconveniences", a regime "strong without despotism, free without anarchy, independent without conquest.
I believe I am one of those men. If I am wrong, I can perish uselessly. If I am right, then providence will put me into a position to fulfill my mission.
He began to plan a coup against King Louis-Philippe. Louis-Napoleon launching his failed coup in Strasbourg in He planned for his uprising to begin in Strasbourg. The colonel of a regiment was brought over to the cause. On 29 OctoberLouis Napoleon arrived in Strasbourg, in the uniform of an artillery officer, and rallied the regiment to his side.
The prefecture was seized, and the prefect arrested. Unfortunately for Louis-Napoleon, the general commanding the garrison escaped and called in a loyal regiment, which surrounded the mutineers.
The mutineers surrendered and Louis-Napoleon fled back to Switzerland. Louis-Philippe responded by sending an army to the Swiss border. Louis-Napoleon thanked his Swiss hosts, and voluntarily left the country. The other mutineers were put on trial in Alsaceand were all acquitted.Napoleon Bonaparte, French emperor, was one of the greatest military leaders in history.
He helped remake the map of Europe and established many government and legal reforms, but constant battles eventually led to his downfall. Napoleon Bonaparte. Emperor of France By Richard Moore. 12 Portraits of Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon not murdered, say scientists. Watch video · Napoleon Bonaparte, the first emperor of France, is regarded as one of the greatest military leaders in the history of the West.
Learn more at benjaminpohle.com Napoleon was a great military leader and the emperor of France, after the French Revolution. Read a brief biography and history of Napoleon Bonaparte. Joséphine, original name Marie-Josèphe-Rose Tascher de La Pagerie, also called (–96) vicomtesse de Beauharnais or (–) Joséphine Bonaparte, (born June 23, , Trois-Îlets, Martinique—died May 29, , Malmaison, France), consort of Napoleon Bonaparte and empress of the French..
Joséphine, the eldest daughter of Joseph Tascher de La Pagerie, an impoverished . Early Life. Kaiser Wilhelm, also known as Wilhelm II, was born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert in Potsdam, near Berlin, Germany, to Frederick III of Germany and Victoria (the future Empress.