An Allegory of the Tudor Succession, c. The Victorian era and the early 20th century idealised the Elizabethan era. In popular culture, the image of those adventurous Elizabethan seafarers was embodied in the films of Errol Flynn. On balance, it can be said that Elizabeth provided the country with a long period of general if not total peace and generally increased prosperity due in large part to stealing from Spanish treasure ships, raiding settlements with low defenses, and selling African slaves.
Amongst various Protestant groups there was little consensus or organization. While it is difficult to assess the wishes of the less vocal majority, Elizabeth herself apparently intended to establish an espiscopal church along Edwardian lines, and began to alter the services said in her own chapel at the earliest opportunity.
There seems to have been no question that the settlement of religion had to be enacted by Parliament, under the guidance of the new queen and her counsellors. One difficulty for Protestant reformers, however, was that the House of Lords, including the bishops, was staunchly Roman Catholic. Another was the expectation that Elizabeth would soon marry and that her future consort might wish to exert his influence over the religious settlement.
Elizabeth had already received a proposal from King Philip II of Spain, whose explicit intention was to ensure that England remained Catholic. On the other hand Cardinal Pole, who might have headed a conservative faction against reform, died shortly after Mary. Convocation was further depleted by the death or incapacity of several other prelates before the first Parliament of the new reign assembled in January This was not, however, the primary focus of the bill initially introduced into the Commons on 9 Feb.
Debated at unusual length on 13 Feb. After drastic redrafting by a Catholic-dominated committee all mention of the prayer book was removed, leaving only the narrowest possible assertion of royal supremacy; the English church by this reckoning would be Catholic without the Pope.
The Commons in the interrim passed several measures to appropriate various ecclesiastical holdings and revenues to the Crown, and to repeal Marian heresy laws, thereby attempting to introduce limited religious toleration.
The supremacy bill sent down by the Lords was eventually passed by the Commons on 22 March, although it achieved little that had been hoped for by the Protestants or indeed Elizabeth herself. For this reason she abandoned her original intention to dissolve Parliament before Easter.
Steps were taken during the recess to reduce the influence of the most conservative members of the Lords; two bishops were sent to the Tower, a further six were called before the Privy Council, fined and bound over, and pressure was also applied to leading Catholic laymen such as Lord Howard of Effingham and the earls of Arundel and Derby.
Drawing on its predecessor the new bill included the revival of Acts for consecrating bishops and licensing communion in both kinds, and the repeal of Marian heresy laws. First read in the Commons on 10 April, this bill was again modified by the Lords before it passed both Houses.
In the meantime a bill for uniformity was introduced in the Lower House on 18 April and sent up to the Lords two days later. Its origins are obscure except that it bore great similarity to Edwardian legislation of the same name. This proved acceptable to both sides; the bill was narrowly passed by a somewhat reduced House of Lords on 28 April.
Both bills received the royal assent at the dissolution ten days later. Taken together the Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity, supplemented by Royal Injunctions in Julycompleted the settlement of religion upon which the Church of England is based.
The hybrid thus created was a compromise that left numerous issues unresolved. Unlike the majority of her subjects Elizabeth had no appetite for further reformation, and notwithstanding her attempts to prevent religious debates they featured in every subsequent Parliament of the reign.
From the beginning of her reign Elizabeth tried to reserve Elizabethan Social and Economic Legislation Social and economic legislation occupied a great deal of time in Elizabethan Parliaments and was considered, after the granting of taxation, to be the primary function of the House of Commons.
|The Elizabethan Settlement | History of Parliament Online||The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Elizabeth I quickly needed a religious settlement for Tudor England after the years of religious turmoil her subjects had experienced.|
|Elizabethan era - Wikipedia||When she became Queen, one of the first things it was necessary for her to do was restore the Church of England. This restoration was done by two Acts of Parliament:|
|Subscriber Login||Catholicism was effectively illegal, but it was for not attending church that Catholics were fined, not for simply being Catholic, and the fine applied to dissenting Puritans as well as to those of the Catholic faith. Ina 12 pence fine for refusing to go to church was created, and the loss of office for Catholic clergy refusing to take the oath of supremacy.|
Hundreds of bills were initiated concerning industries such as the manufacture and trade of cloth, Monopolies in Elizabethan Parliaments The patent system was originally intended to foster economic growth, encourage investment and enterprise, and create employment for the poor; however, patents of monopoly also provided a source of extra-parliamentary revenue to the Crown and were a means of rewarding courtiers who brought newElizabethan Religious Settlement.
STUDY. PLAY. 3 ways in which Elizabeth showed she was Protestant. 1) Teenager translated texts by Erasmus 2) Walked out on Christmas Day when Bishop Oglethrope raised the Host (transub) 3) Seen as a heretic in Mary's reign.
Elizabethan Era Religion and Religious Beliefs Christianity, the most important religion in Europe, is divided in two major factions - Catholics and Protestants - of diametrically opposing beliefs. In the early 16th century, religion was an important factor which held society together, but later became a vehicle for extending and consolidating.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (–). Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history. The settlement was a way to moderate the relationships with surrounding countries such as the predominantly Catholic France and Spain, as well as the Protestant Dutch.
The Church of England also granted England its own independence as it would not have to succeed to the religious pressures of other countries.
Elizabethan Settlement of Religion The attempt made by Queen Elizabeth I to unite all the contending religious forces of 16th century under one church in England was the Elizabethan settlement of religion.
THE ACT OF SUPREMACY. This Act made Queen Elizabeth I "Supreme Governor" of the Church of England. In the reign of her father and brother, the monarch was called "Head of the Church in England", but Elizabeth favoured the title "Supreme Governor".