See Article History Alternative Titles: The only president elected to the office four times, Roosevelt led the United States through two of the greatest crises of the 20th century: In so doing, he greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Dealand he served as the principal architect of the successful effort to rid the world of German National Socialism and Japanese militarism. For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America.
Visit Website Did you know? Encouraged by his wife, Eleanor, FDR appointed more women to federal posts than any previous president; he also included black Americans in federal job programs though they remained largely segregated.
Roosevelt attended law school at Columbia University and worked for several years as a clerk in a Wall Street law firm. Inhe entered politics, winning a state senate seat as a Democrat in the heavily Republican Dutchess County. He would hold that post for the next seven years, traveling to Europe in to tour naval bases and battlefields after the U.
Smith for president though Smith lost the nomination and the Democrats lost the general election. Smith lost to Herbert Hooverbut Roosevelt won. Governor Roosevelt grew more liberal in his policies as New York and the nation sank deeper into economic depression after the stock market crash of Roosevelt Enters the White House Re-elected as governor inRoosevelt emerged as a front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination two years later.
In addition, Democrats won sizeable majorities in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. By the time Roosevelt was inaugurated on March 4,the Depression had reached desperate levels, including 13 million unemployed.
He also began holding open press conferences and giving regular national radio addresses in which he spoke directly to the American people. After passage of the Emergency Banking Relief Act, three out of every four banks were open within a week. He faced opposition from the Supreme Court over his New Deal programs, and proposed an expansion of the court that would allow him to appoint one new justice for every sitting justice 70 or older.
Republicans gained ground in the midterm congressional elections, however, and soon formed an alliance with conservative Democrats that would block further reform legislation.
By the end ofas support for the New Deal was waning, Roosevelt faced a new looming challenge, this time on the international stage.
Germany captured France by the end of Juneand Roosevelt persuaded Congress to provide more support for Britain, now left to combat the Nazi menace on its own. Despite the two-term tradition for presidents in place since the time of George WashingtonRoosevelt decided to run for reelection again in ; he defeated Wendell L.
Wilkie by nearly 5 million votes. On December 8,the day after Japan bombed the U. The first president to leave the country during wartime, Roosevelt spearheaded the alliance between countries combating the Axis, meeting frequently with Churchill and seeking to establish friendly relations with the Soviet Union and its leader, Joseph Stalin.
Meanwhile, he spoke constantly on the radio, reporting war events and rallying the American people in support of the war effort as he had for the New Deal. Yalta Conference and Franklin D.
The Soviet leader kept that promise, but failed to honor his pledge to establish democratic governments in the eastern European nations then under Soviet control.
After Roosevelt returned from Yalta, he was so weak that he was forced to sit down while addressing Congress for the first time in his presidency. In early Aprilhe left Washington and traveled to his cottage in Warm Springs, Georgiawhere he had long before established a nonprofit foundation to aid polio patients.
On April 12, Roosevelt suffered a massive cerebral hemorrhage; he died later that day, and was succeeded in office by his vice president, Harry S. Start your free trial today.Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression as our 32nd President (), Franklin D.
Roosevelt helped the American people regain . Franklin was the only son of Sara Roosevelt (), who exerted tight control over the family money, and tight psychological control over Franklin, until the day she died in Watch video · Franklin D.
Roosevelt married Eleanor Roosevelt, his fifth cousin and the niece of his idol, Theodore Roosevelt, on March 17, The couple became engaged during Roosevelt’s last year at .
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. The First Franklin Roosevelt Administration; At the age of 51, Franklin D.
Roosevelt was inaugurated president on March 4, The ceremony was the last to be held in March. All subsequent inaugurations have been held in January, under Amendment 20 to the Constitution (text).
Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression as our 32nd President (), Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves.
Assuming the Presidency.