Most people agree that animals have at least some moral status — that is why it is wrong to abuse pets or needlessly hurt other animals. This alone represents a shift from a past view where animals had no moral status and treating an animal well was more about maintaining human standards of dignity than respecting any innate rights of the animal. In modern times, the question has shifted from whether animals have moral status to how much moral status they have and what rights come with that status. The strongest pro animal rights answer to this question would be that non-human animals have exactly the same moral status as humans and are entitled to equal treatment.
Naser is a medical ethicist who specializes in biomedical research involving human subjects.
Newton is the director of the Program in Applied Ethics and is researching the nature of our obligations to the natural environment. He received a PhD in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia. As the world population increases and suitable land for food production decreases or is converted to other uses, there is a need for more efficient food production.
Ocean and fresh water fisheries have been depleted by overfishing and the effects of pollution. Aquacultural techniques have been developed to raise native fish species more efficiently, speed up their development cycles, and confer resistance to a variety of diseases and pathogens.
Some of the most promising techniques have stepped beyond sophisticated breeding and culturing techniques to employ the very machinery of life itself to enhance production.
Genetic engineering techniques have allowed researchers to insert genes from wholly unrelated species to alter life cycles and enhance disease resistance for a variety of aquatic species.
Other techniques involve the development of DNA vaccines and genetically altered bacteria to assist aquacultural development. These and other transformations of life through biotechnology have been pursued for the sake of the social benefits they promise.
Cheaper and more effective medicines are possible when produced through biological rather than chemical means. Farm production can be made more efficient and the use of biological pesticides, for instance, can reduce the need for chemical pesticides.
Some genetic engineering of plants aims to reduce the need for fertilizers, thereby minimizing the pollution effects of runoff to rivers and coastal waters. One of the first applications of a genetically engineered organism was the modification of bacteria that could digest oil spilled in the oceans.
Bioremediation and, in general, the improvement of the environment have been the primary aims of a great deal of biotechnological research.
In the marine context, much of the scientific work being done is aimed at ameliorating the effects on food species and marine ecosystems of overdevelopment, pollution, and loss of breeding habitats.
While biotechnological methods promise a variety of important social and environmental benefits, public response, especially to the release of genetically modified species into the environment, has been mixed. Though not always based on a sound understanding of the science and technologies involved, the public is wary of genetically altered foods and concerned about the inability to control biological agents once they are released into the environment.
The ethical evaluation of biotechnological interventions rests first upon a good understanding of the science behind these interventions, and second upon balancing the risks and benefits such interventions pose.
In addition, the power of new molecular techniques to manipulate life, insert the genes of one species into the genes of another species, and otherwise redirect living organisms both in captivity and in the wild to specific human purposes, raises questions about the proper role of humans in their environment and in the alteration of living organisms.
What are some of the risks associated with biotechnology and how are they balanced against the benefits they promise?
What are some of the fundamental objections to genetic engineering and the role of biotechnology in general environmental ethics?
This essay will review the types of objections and questions that have been raised about biotechnology in general but will not necessarily provide answers. As biologists explore the increasing power of science to manipulate life, it is important that they are aware of the kinds of arguments that question their practice.Is genetic engineering ethically right?
Ethics are standards of right and wrong, good and bad. Ethics is the system of moral principles. The Fair Use Policy; Help Centre; Is Genetic Engineering Ethically Right Philosophy Essay.
Print Reference this Another type of genetic engineering is genetic modification of embryo also known as. The genetic engineering of animals has increased significantly in recent years, and the use of this technology brings with it ethical issues, some of which relate to animal welfare — defined by the World Organisation for Animal Health as “the state of the animal how an animal is coping with.
On Prenatal Genetic Testing: Ethical and Moral Issues Prenatal genetic testing involves the analysis of DNA, RNA and chromosomes to be able to identify if there is a predisposition towards a genetic disorder, ascertain the possibility of carrying disease, and to project early on how best to take care of the child given these mitigating.
RECOMMENDED READINGS ON THE QUESTION: ARE THEIR MORAL LIMITS ON GENETIC ENGINEERING OF HUMAN BEINGS? PHIL SPRING (II) CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS Genetic modification is important in disease therapy and for the alleviation of human suffering, but abuse of genetic modification .
animals and humans. The ethical concerns raised from both secular and religious sources are considered. It is concluded that humankind has been delegated responsible stewardship for all the earth’s resources, including DNA, and that there are strong theological motivations for using Genetic Modification wisely and for the benefit of others.
Social and Ethical Implications of Biotechnology Essay Words 4 Pages The term Gene Technology is interrelated and can be understood by the expression of genes by taking the natural genetic variations, modifying genes and transferring genes are the advantages to the new hosts.