Its foreign practitioners and analysts often define Nigerian interests as operating within four concentric circles. The degree to which Nigeria may influence the four circles is a matter of debate—the fact that it does is not. It is an active participant in the United Nations and in global international affairs. Nigerian leaders often state their ambitions to play a larger role on the international scene.
Born in Abeokuta, south-west Nigeria. Joined the army and received training in Nigeria and abroad. Appointed works and housing minister, later becoming chief of staff, supreme headquarters. Presided over democratic elections, won by civilian northern politician Shehu Shagari.
Shagari ousted from power, Obasanjo critical of subsequent military regimes. Founded the African Leadership Forum, based at his Otta farm.
Failed in bid to become UN Secretary-General Tried for plotting coup against military leader General Sani Abacha and sentenced to life in prison. Opinions differ on why Obasanjo decided to run for president so soon after coming out of jail.
His critics saw him as a pawn of the military elite - previous military rulers visited Obasanjo as he was considering running, and supported his campaign. His supporters consider him to be independent-minded.
Obasanjo himself claimed to have "found God" while in prison, which gave him the strength to run for the country again.
He was reported to have said that his mission was to restore Nigeria and defeat separatism. Obasanjo won presidential elections on 27 February with 62 percent of the valid votes cast. When Obasanjo was last in office he gained international respect through his efforts to end white minority rule in South Africa and Zimbabwe, supporting neighbouring states such as Angola and Mozambique.
After relinquishing power, Obasanjo retired to his second home at Otta, outside Abeokuta, where he enjoyed his image as a man of the people. During this period he continued to boost his international standing by writing books, joining the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group, founding the African Leaders Forum and accepting places on numerous international commissions.
Times are very different from the 70s. He also won widespread credibility when he voluntarily handed over power to a civilian government in At a recent seminar on "Democracy, Good Governance and development in Nigeria" Obasanjo reportedly boosted his pro-democracy credentials by arguing that democratic rule should be a precondition for membership of the Organisation of African Unity OAU.
He will then have to tackle some of the huge problems arising from years of military misrule. Another major challenge for Obasanjo will be continuing unrest in the south-eastern region of the Niger Delta. Nigeria produces an average of two million barrels of high quality crude oil per day much of it form the Delta region.
Human rights groups argue that they should be consulted on issues relating to the exploration of crude oil in the area, the laying of pipelines and other matters which have an impact on the local environment.
According to local news services, Obasanjo has indicated that he will fight state control and corruption and said this month that he would allow IMF officials into the Nigerian finance ministry and central bank to verify spending.
He has also reportedly promised to help agriculture in an effort to diversify the oil-based economy. However, members of his team have reportedly been reluctant to divulge much information about his future plans.
However, there is a general feeling among the population that the return of a democratically-elected government, the first since the military ousted short-lived elected administrations in anddoes at least give Nigeria a chance for the future.
For further information or free subscriptions, or to change your keywords, contact e-mail:Nigeria‟s foreign policy (Olusanya and Akindele, ). Like Nigeria, the foreign policy objective of Japan is based on the fundamental principle of contributing to world peace and prosperity.
This period saw a true manifestation of the Africa policy of Nigeria as the regime under Murtala Mohammed gave a well-defined, articulate, coherent and explicit policy for Africa that was not tainted with fear or deference to any bloc or country.
Foreign relations of Nigeria. Jump to navigation Jump to search 14 April See Mexico–Nigeria relations. Mexico has an embassy in Abuja. and cooperation on many important foreign policy goals, such as regional peacekeeping, has been good. The new Federal Government was headed by Lt. Colonel (later General) Yakubu Gowon, a minority Northerner.
From the onset, it was treated with defiance and threats of secession by the Eastern Military Governor, Lt. Colonel 0. NIgeria Under the Military The Gowon Regime and The Nigerian Civil War, With phenomenally .
With phenomenally increased government revenue from petroleum exports and foreign aid, the Gowon administration rebuilt schools, secured and distributed relief materials, constructed new airports, new oil refineries and thousands of kilometres of tarred roads, and promoted sports and culture.
The Muhammad and Obasanjo Government Nigeria Table of Contents General Gowon was overthrown in a palace coup in July and succeeded by General Murtala Muhammad, who was in turn assassinated in an abortive coup on February 13,