Sustainable lighting design for libraries Prof Koli CHEN, Professor in Architecture Department, Tunghai University, Taiwan In a time when energy conservation and environmental protection are considered important, sustainable design is a major step towards sustainable development for libraries.
Feedback wanted -- how many marks for A01 and A02 anD overall? Thanks Hodges and Tizard conducted a longitudal study following 65 GB children from early life to adolescence.
They had been institutionalised when they were less that 4 months old. At this age children had not yet formed attachments.
The children were assessed at regular intervals up to the age of Some of the children remained at the institution while others had left and had to be either adopted or restored to their original families.
Restored children were less likely to form attachments but adopted children were attached like normal children. However, both groups of ex institutionalised children had problems with peers.
These findings suggest that early privation had a negative effect on the ability to form relationships even when given good emotional care.
There was another study conducted by Stout, Stout conducted a study of Romanian orphans who had experienced severe conditions and found that they later suffered permanent psychological damage, including no ability to interact with people and increased aggression.
AO1 Psychologists successfully showed the impacts of institutionalisation; a strength of Hodges and Tizards study was that it was longitudinal so the researchers were able to see how the institution affected the children over many years.
However a weakness of this longitudinal method involves attrition, where many of the children may have left the study because they were well adjusted, therefore resulting in a biased remaining sample - children with pleasant behaviour are more likely to be adopted.
Some research suggests that individuals who do not form a primary attachment within the early sensitive period are unable to recover, however, in the study of romanian orphans, one third recovered well therefore privation alone cannot explain negative outcomes.
There are two types of attachment disorder they are inhibited and disinhibited. Poor parenting can also be a result; Quinton showed that ex institutionalised women often had difficulties as parents.
This research shows that children who lack early attachments are likely to experience permanent emotional and social difficulties later in life although these effects may be less severe if subsequent emotional care is given.iClicker is the market-leader in student and audience response systems for Higher Education, recognized for ease-of-use, reliability, and focus on pedagogy.
PASGR - Advancing research excellence for governance and public policy in Africa. In a time when energy conservation and environmental protection are considered important, sustainable design is a major step towards sustainable development for libraries.
Research Training and Career Development. Although the majority of fellowships are funded as NRSA (e.g., F30, F31, F32, F33), NIH also funds non-NRSA fellowship programs such as the Fogarty International Center’s International Neurosciences Fellowship (F05).
Complexity characterises the behaviour of a system or model whose components interact in multiple ways and follow local rules, meaning there is no reasonable higher instruction to define the various possible interactions..
The term is generally used to characterize something with many parts where those parts interact with each other in multiple ways, culminating in a higher order of emergence. LiveText by Watermark is a leading provider of campus-wide solutions for strategic planning, assessment and institutional effectiveness.