Woman suffrage, the right of women by law to vote in national and local elections. Overview Women were excluded from voting in ancient Greece and Republican Rome, as well as in the few democracies that had emerged in Europe by the end of the 18th century. When the franchise was widened, as it was in the United Kingdom inwomen continued to be denied all voting rights.
The New Jersey constitution of enfranchised all adult inhabitants who owned a specified amount of property. Laws enacted in and referred to voters as "he or she", and women regularly voted.
A law passed inhowever, excluded women from voting in that state. This partial suffrage right for women was not expressed as for whites only. Only after fierce debate were women accepted as members of the American Anti-Slavery Society at its convention ofand the organization split Womens suffrage movement its next convention when women were appointed to committees.
Frances Wrighta Scottish woman, was subjected to sharp criticism for delivering public lectures in the U. Anthonya leader of the suffrage movement, later said, "No advanced step taken by women has been so bitterly contested as that of speaking in public.
For nothing which they have attempted, not even to secure the suffrage, have they been so abused, condemned and antagonized. In the Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court denied a divorce Womens suffrage movement a woman whose husband had horsewhipped her, saying, "The law gives the husband power to use such a degree of force necessary to make the wife behave and know her place.
William Lloyd Garrisonthe leader of the American Anti-Slavery Societysaid "I doubt whether a more important movement has been launched touching the destiny of the race, than this in regard to the equality of the sexes". InSamuel J. Many of its activists were aligned with the Garrisonian wing of the abolitionist movement, which believed that activists should avoid political activity and focus instead on convincing others of their views with "moral suasion".
Five women called the convention, four of whom were Quaker social activistsincluding the well-known Lucretia Mott.
When her husband, a well-known social reformer, learned that she intended to introduce this resolution, he refused to attend the convention and accused her of acting in a way that would turn the proceedings into a farce.
Lucretia Mott, the main speaker, was also disturbed by the proposal. The resolution was adopted only after Frederick Douglassan abolitionist leader and a former slave, gave it his strong support.
The constable sold her household goods at auction until enough money had been raised to pay her tax bill. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton met in and soon became close friends and co-workers. Anthony excelled at organizing while Stanton had an aptitude for intellectual matters and writing.
Stanton, who was homebound with several children during this period, wrote speeches that Anthony delivered to meetings that she herself organized. Anthony Although it was not a suffrage organization, the League made it clear that it stood for political equality for women,  and it indirectly advanced that cause in several ways.
Stanton reminded the public that petitioning was the only political tool available to women at a time when only men were allowed to vote. Its drive for universal suffragehowever, was resisted by some abolitionist leaders and their allies in the Republican Partywho wanted women to postpone their campaign for suffrage until it had first been achieved for male African Americans.
Horace Greeleya prominent newspaper editor, told Anthony and Stanton, "This is a critical period for the Republican Party and the life of our Nation Train antagonized many activists by attacking the Republican Party, which had won the loyalty of many reform activists, and openly disparaging the integrity and intelligence of African Americans.
One wing, whose leading figure was Lucy Stone, was willing for black men to achieve suffrage first, if necessary, and wanted to maintain close ties with the Republican Party and the abolitionist movement.
The acrimonious annual meeting of the AERA in May signaled the effective demise of the organization, in the aftermath of which two competing woman suffrage organizations were created. Despite opposition by Frederick Douglass and others, Stone convinced the meeting to approve the resolution.
Constitutiona reconstruction amendment that would prohibit the denial of suffrage because of race. Stanton and Anthony opposed its passage unless it was accompanied by another amendment that would prohibit the denial of suffrage because of sex.
Stanton, for example, believed that a long process of education would be needed before what she called the "lower orders" of former slaves and immigrant workers would be able to participate meaningfully as voters.
Anthony and Stanton wrote a letter to the Democratic National Convention that criticized Republican sponsorship of the Fourteenth Amendment which granted citizenship to black men but for the first time introduced the word "male" into the Constitutionsaying, "While the dominant party has with one hand lifted up two million black men and crowned them with the honor and dignity of citizenship, with the other it has dethroned fifteen million white women—their own mothers and sisters, their own wives and daughters—and cast them under the heel of the lowest orders of manhood.
Although each campaigned for suffrage at both the state and national levels, the NWSA tended to work more at the national level and the AWSA more at the state level.
In debate about the Fifteenth Amendment was made irrelevant when that amendment was officially ratified. In disgust with corruption in government led to a mass defection of abolitionists and other social reformers from the Republicans to the short-lived Liberal Republican Party.
New Departure[ edit ] In Francis and Virginia Minorhusband and wife suffragists from Missouri, outlined a strategy that came to be known as the New Departure, which engaged the suffrage movement for several years.Mar 22, · Watch video · Women’s Suffrage.
The women’s suffrage movement was a decades-long fight to win the right to vote for women in the United States. It took activists and reformers nearly years to win that.
Women’s Suffrage summary: The women’s suffrage movement (aka woman suffrage) was the struggle for the right of women to vote and run for office and is part of the overall women’s rights movement.
In the midth century, women in several countries—most notably, the U.S. and Britain—formed organizations to fight for suffrage. The women's rights movement splits into two factions as a result of disagreements over the Fourteenth and soon-to-be-passed Fifteenth Amendments.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony form the more radical, New York-based National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). rows · Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage, or women's right to vote) is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
Feb 27, · Watch video · The women’s suffrage movement was a decades-long fight to win the right to vote for women in the United States. It took activists and reformers nearly years to .
The women's rights movement splits into two factions as a result of disagreements over the Fourteenth and soon-to-be-passed Fifteenth Amendments. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony form the more radical, New York-based National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA).